Surveying all the School Library Media Centers is a difficult problem and typically, NCES has sampled them and issued reports. These are the publications I have found or identified.

School Library Media Center Reports
Type of publication File type Title File name File size Notes
First Look PDF Characteristics of Public and Bureau of Indian Education Elementary and Secondary School Library Media Centers in the United States: Results from the 2007-98 Schools and Staffing Survey 2009322.pdf 1.2MB June 2009
NCES 2009-322
Fast Response Survey PDF Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994-2005 2007020.pdf 659 KB November 2006
NCES 2007-020
EDTab PDF Characteristics of Schools, Districts, Teachers, Principals, and School Libraries in the United States: 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey (NCES 2006-313 Revised) 2006313.pdf 1.2MB March 2006, revised June 2007
NCES 2006-313
School and Staffing Survey
PDF America’s Public School Libraries: 1953-2000 2005324.pdf 768 KB March 2005
NCES 2005-324
School and Staffing Survey
PDF Fifty Years of Supporting Children’s Learning: A History of Public School Libraries and Federal Legislation From 1953 to 2000) 2005311.pdf 820 KB March 2005
NCES 2005-311
School and Staffing Survey
ED Tab PDF School Library Media Centers: Selected Results From the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS: 2002)
The Education Longitudinal Study 2002 has a separate Website. This is one publication of many from that study and, I believe, the only one related to SLMCs.
2005302.pdf 882 KB December 2004
NCES 2005302
ED Tab PDF The Status of Public and Private School Library Media Centers in the United States: 1999-2000 2004313.pdf 611 KB March 2004
NCES 2004313
Documentation PDF Documentation to the NCES Common Core of Data Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey, 1999-2000 psu99gen.pdf 333 KB
Technical Report PDF Evaluation of Definitions and Analysis of Comparative Data for the School Library Statistics Program 98267.pdf 535 KB September 1998
NCES 98-267
Technical Report PDF School Library Media Centers, 1993-94 98282.pdf 1,068 KB August 1998
NCES 98-282
Statistical Analysis Report
Schools and Staffing Survey
School Library Media Centers in the United States, 1990-91 Available from GPO?
Ordering information.
November 1994
NCES 94326
Data file? Survey of Public and Private School Libraries and Media Centers, 1985 Not available Identified at ICPSR
ICPSR 2227, 2002
Data file PDF
Library General Information Survey (LIBGIS) I: Public School Libraries/Media Centers, Fall 1974 (documentation)
Data file
SAS program
SPSS program
1,221 KB
1,847 KB
29 KB
31 KB
ICPSR 2225